Inflation is the standard scenario, completely consistent with a variety of data, to understand the generation of primordial scalar (density) perturbations, i.e. the seeds of all the cosmological structures we see today, and also of tensor perturbations (i.e. primordial gravitational waves). Inflation must come to an end, in order for the universe to be filled in with radiation, and to proceed through the standard radiation dominated era, during which, e.g. primordial nucleosynthesis can take place. Such a transition (called reheating phase) from the inflationary stage to the standard radiation dominated epoch, is the least known part of the inflationary scenario, because, e.g., it involves couplings of the fields driving inflation to other (relativistic) particles. Nonetheless the precision of cosmological data has allowed recently to put already some constraints on such a reheating phase. This Thesis will provide an uptodate review of all the cosmological observables that can be used to open a new window into such period of the early universe. Moreover, we will also review the main models present in the literature about the preheating epoch (the initial stage of reheating) and the subsequent phases of reheating. These stages involve very nonlinear and interesting physics and can lead to production of gravitational waves that can be observed today.
Inflation is the standard scenario, completely consistent with a variety of data, to understand the generation of primordial scalar (density) perturbations, i.e. the seeds of all the cosmological structures we see today, and also of tensor perturbations (i.e. primordial gravitational waves). Inflation must come to an end, in order for the universe to be filled in with radiation, and to proceed through the standard radiation dominated era, during which, e.g. primordial nucleosynthesis can take place. Such a transition (called reheating phase) from the inflationary stage to the standard radiation dominated epoch, is the least known part of the inflationary scenario, because, e.g., it involves couplings of the fields driving inflation to other (relativistic) particles. Nonetheless the precision of cosmological data has allowed recently to put already some constraints on such a reheating phase. This Thesis will provide an uptodate review of all the cosmological observables that can be used to open a new window into such period of the early universe. Moreover, we will also review the main models present in the literature about the preheating epoch (the initial stage of reheating) and the subsequent phases of reheating. These stages involve very nonlinear and interesting physics and can lead to production of gravitational waves that can be observed today.
Probing the reheating phase after inflation
GIUSTI, RAFFAELE
2021/2022
Abstract
Inflation is the standard scenario, completely consistent with a variety of data, to understand the generation of primordial scalar (density) perturbations, i.e. the seeds of all the cosmological structures we see today, and also of tensor perturbations (i.e. primordial gravitational waves). Inflation must come to an end, in order for the universe to be filled in with radiation, and to proceed through the standard radiation dominated era, during which, e.g. primordial nucleosynthesis can take place. Such a transition (called reheating phase) from the inflationary stage to the standard radiation dominated epoch, is the least known part of the inflationary scenario, because, e.g., it involves couplings of the fields driving inflation to other (relativistic) particles. Nonetheless the precision of cosmological data has allowed recently to put already some constraints on such a reheating phase. This Thesis will provide an uptodate review of all the cosmological observables that can be used to open a new window into such period of the early universe. Moreover, we will also review the main models present in the literature about the preheating epoch (the initial stage of reheating) and the subsequent phases of reheating. These stages involve very nonlinear and interesting physics and can lead to production of gravitational waves that can be observed today.File  Dimensione  Formato  

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https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12608/32226